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Wooden houses, or log cabins, are becoming very popular today, delighting potential owners. I must say that such myths can give the homeowner an unpleasant surprise or hurt the wallet. So let's try to separate truth from fiction.
It is difficult to obtain land for the construction of a private house. The days have passed when it was impossible to get land into private ownership. Moreover, there are many firms on the market that provide services for the registration of land plots, all that remains is to choose a reliable intermediary. By the way, in some cities there are state programs for the allocation of land for private construction, for this most often it is enough to provide a certificate from the BTI stating that a person does not have his own living space.
Wooden houses are much cheaper than other types of houses. It is this popular misconception that pushes many to build a house made of wood. Probably such a belief has arisen since the time when the house was a small one-story house with three or four windows. But today some people want and have the opportunity to build residences of 500-600 m2. If you want to know the real cost of construction, it is better to visit the office of a well-known and proven construction company. Ask to calculate the cost of the selected house, just do not forget to clarify your requirements - sheathing with natural wood, the use of high-quality varnishes or stains, natural railings, spans and floors ... Many people want to have a veranda and a fireplace. In fact, even an ordinary wooden house already has what seems to be a luxury in a brick one. All natural wood components are not cheap. Of course, many factors can be taken into account - how the wood is processed and dried, where it is taken from, how much the project itself costs, how high-quality the finish is. So it turns out that a high-quality log house is not cheap at all. Therefore, it is better to weigh the pros and cons and calculate in advance whether the financial situation will allow you to build exactly what you want.
The construction of wooden houses is very difficult. If you use rounded wood in construction, then building a house can become much easier than using other materials. Today, many manufacturers calibrate their barrels using modern equipment, the logs have the ideal size and shape. On the logs, grooves and grooves are even cut out at the bottom and top for better connection with each other. Therefore, the assembly is quick and easy, which is within the power of any qualified carpenter or builder. But the use of brickwork is much more difficult, especially around openings - door and window. In the case of a wooden house, you can bring rounded logs already cut to length, taking into account windows and doors - you just have to assemble them in the right order. Naturally, the structure of the roof is much more complicated, but this also applies to brick houses. At this stage, in both cases, you cannot do without the help of cranes. When building a log house, it is enough to use the manufacturer's instructions, since there are different differing methods of making wooden houses - this will avoid the operation of this myth.
It is very difficult to insure wooden houses. The first thing that comes to mind is how well and quickly the tree burns, which means that insurers will treat such a house with caution. The reality is a little different. Firstly, log cabins are most often placed not in the city, but in a remote picturesque place away from the hustle and bustle. This situation increases insurance premiums, but the owners of other buildings are in a similar state. Insurers usually do not distinguish log buildings into a special group. Secondly, due to the use of solid logs, log cabins are very resistant to fire. In frame houses, the cavities inside the outer walls act as hoods, intensifying the fire, while in wooden houses the logs are only charred. In order to cause serious damage to a log house, a very strong fire must break out.
More energy is needed to heat wooden houses. The studies carried out have shown that log houses are superior in energy saving to ordinary brick houses, since the logs have their own thermal mass. During the day, the logs are heated under the influence of the sun, giving this energy at night, equalizing temperature fluctuations in the house and helping the heating systems work. You can to some extent call the log house to some extent a passive solar house. Of course, one should not expect drastic energy savings from any log house without a project. If you decide to take advantage of natural opportunities, then you must use the same principles that exist for solar homes. Today, construction companies offer interesting options for insulating log cabins. Insulation is placed between the sawn halves of the logs. Outwardly, such a house does not stand out in any way from those who are built on a solid log. Nobody bothers to decorate the frame with any materials inside. Thus, in winter you will not freeze in a wooden house, and no titanic efforts are required for this.
A more solid foundation is needed for a wooden house. Many people, observing massive logs, believe that the foundation will also need to be much stronger. In fact, in terms of foundations, wooden houses are practically compatible with other modern solutions. Usually log houses are recommended to be installed on tape monolithic lightweight foundations. For brick houses, a buried foundation is usually used, which lies below the freezing depth, but for log cabins, a shallow one is quite enough.
Wooden houses are susceptible to insect attacks. And again it seems that the tree will be just a feeder for insects, many of which feed on it. First of all, it's worth noting that regular inspection of your home will help prevent damage from pests. Also, an advantage over frame buildings in log cabins is the absence of cavities in the walls, in which pests can settle. In fairness, it is worth noting that there are several types of harmful insects for log cabins, but the use of antiseptics and insecticides immediately after construction and during operation stops the onset of pests. For the best preservation of the home, follow the contractor's recommendations for treating home surfaces.
You don't need to keep an eye on a wooden house at all. So they thought for a long time, even at the very dawn of wooden housing construction. But today there is a different point of view - the log house needs constant maintenance. Otherwise, the house will soon resemble an abandoned barn, because wood is an organic material. The requirements may be low, but they must be carefully followed. First of all, even when designing, it should be taken into account that the lower logs are located high enough from the ground, and the roof protrusion should be larger than that of other types of houses. In this case, it is formed like an umbrella that protects the wall from direct rays of the sun and precipitation. If the house is wooden, then it is better to design the foundation so that it protrudes from the ground by at least 40 cm - this will protect the logs from rain splashes.
Wooden houses take a long time to build. The simplicity of construction leads to the fact that the construction of a log house will take no more time than a frame house and much faster than a brick one. Only the roof will take a lot of time, and the rest of the steps are simplified and accelerated. If the construction of a frame house requires five steps to erect a wall - assembly of the frame, its cladding, thermal insulation, siding and decoration, then this step is one for a log house. A brick house cannot be compared at all.
The wooden house will look shabby. There is an opinion that the blockhouse cannot be finished. In fact, wooden houses are absolutely compatible with any finishing materials - plasterboard, arches, ceiling plinth. On the walls, you can stick wallpaper, paint them or apply interesting plaster. So a nondescript house from the outside may well look comfortable from the inside.
A wooden house cannot be tall. In this matter, everything depends on the professionalism of the builder. The tree does not impose restrictions on the height of the house. A striking example can be considered a record case when a man built himself a wooden house with a height of 13 floors.