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Schizophrenia (from the Greek for "splitting the mind") is a mental disorder that is accompanied by deviations in the perception of reality. Symptoms usually appear in adulthood, with the risk of illness being about 0.5%.
In patients with schizophrenia, the risk of drug addiction and alcoholism is up to 40%, it is not surprising that the average life expectancy of such patients is 10-12 years less. Diagnostics is carried out mainly on the analysis of patient complaints, analysis of his behavior.
Schizophrenia can rapidly destroy the life of a person and their loved ones. This is what gave rise to a wave of rumors around this mysterious disease that affects the mind.
Schizophrenia is caused by childhood abuse. As scientists have found, factors such as religion, upbringing, family status or socio-economic reasons do not matter for the appearance of this disease. Schizophrenia is the fruit of a metabolic disorder of certain substances in the brain, no circumstances in the child's life can change this situation in the future. However, you should be aware that unfavorable conditions of existence can aggravate or provoke an aggravation of the disease.
Schizophrenia is contagious. In fact, mental illness is not contagious at all. It is impossible to get schizophrenia through the usual airborne droplets or otherwise, just by closely communicating with the patient.
The disease is hereditary. The fact that someone in the family is already more schizophrenic does not allow one to say with one hundred percent probability that the disease will be inherited. Even a mentally ill woman is quite capable of bearing and giving birth to a full-fledged child. The heredity factor in the case of schizophrenia manifests itself similarly to diabetes mellitus or cancer - if both parents are sick, then the probability of the child's illness is 50%, and if there is only one, then already 25%.
Schizophrenia can easily be completely cured. The methods that medicine possesses today are not able to completely cure the patient. True, modern drugs can significantly reduce the manifestations of schizophrenia, thereby improving the quality of life of both the patient and his loved ones.
People with schizophrenia are very aggressive. This is not true, people with schizophrenia usually do not experience aggression. Usually such people behave distantly and quietly. Statistics say that the number of cases of aggressive behavior among such patients does not exceed the usual values.
Schizophrenia results from bad deeds. If a person is sick with such a mental illness, then this does not at all indicate the fulfillment of once unfavorable actions. There is no reason to be ashamed of schizophrenia and its manifestations in the family. After all, this disease is the most common, like an ulcer, diabetes or something else chronic.
Schizophrenia is a sign of moral weakness. Mentally ill people cannot eliminate the symptoms of the disease by an effort of their will. After all, we cannot, only through a strong desire, strengthen our sight or hearing.
Schizophrenia is an indispensable "companion" of genius. Indeed, mentally ill people have non-standard thinking, their ideas can be original. However, not all patients with schizophrenia are genius.
If a person is sick with schizophrenia, then he can no longer work. The employer should be aware that a diagnosis of schizophrenia cannot be a reason to suspend a person from work. A person may well fulfill his direct responsibilities in this state. You just need to remember that he must be morally supported so that getting rid of the attack is as fast as possible. After leaving the hospital, the employee will be able to resume their work. This will allow a person to gain self-respect, will prove the need for society in him.
People with schizophrenia should be in prison. It is true that people who are mentally ill sometimes end up in prison. At the time of an attack of the disease or its exacerbation, disruptions in the social framework of people are possible - vagrancy, drug addiction and substance abuse, minor offenses. All this leads to complications with the law. Society often views prison as a means of fighting schizophrenic patients and isolating them. But in the prison hospital, hardly unhealthy people will be provided with the necessary treatment, their condition will only get worse. And other prisoners often behave cruelly with the sick, only aggravating the punishment. As a result - the final social loss and growing isolation.
People with this diagnosis, in principle, are not able to think about their treatment. The vast majority of people with schizophrenia realize that they are unhealthy and strive to overcome their illness. Only at the first stages it is difficult to convince a person to fight, he still needs to accept the fact of his illness. If the family members of a person are interested in a positive result, helping, approving and supporting steps aimed at treatment, then the patient himself begins to make decisions about the struggle for his health much easier.
Severe mental illness can be treated with a number of methods. There are no methods that would allow to cure a patient from severe manic-depressive psychosis or continuously flowing schizophrenia. Although some psychiatrists claim to be able to treat such patients, such methods, replicated by others in randomly assigned groups of patients, simply did not work. In reality, only the weakening of symptoms is possible, which will improve the quality of life of both patients and their relatives. We must also remember that there are different types of schizophrenia. She can follow attacks, albeit severe, but not leading to significant life disruptions. Such episodes can be replaced by remissions of the patient's well-being at almost the level of complete recovery.
Schizophrenia means separation of personality. Schizophrenia does not imply a split personality. After all, this effect is associated with a unique mental state, which is called in the language of specialists multiple dissociative personality disorder. It can be caused by frequent mental trauma in childhood. People with such disorders are characterized by transitions from one personality state to the completely opposite. For example, a seductive nightlife adventurer can suddenly turn into a shy and awkward shy girl. It is interesting that in their different states people can call themselves by different names. In general, such a disorder is extremely rare. Psychoanalytically oriented American specialists have succeeded well in his diagnosis. This disease is well portrayed in the movie "The Color of the Night" with Bruce Willis. Split personality has nothing to do with schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia is a very rare disease. About 1% of all people living on the planet have symptoms of this disease. Although in some countries these figures are noticeably lower, and in some more, scientists still cannot fully figure out the reasons for the prevalence of the disease. There are also interesting morbidity statistics for different social groups.